the fall of House Morales

By Amanda Chaparro and with Angeline Montoya

Posted today at 2:19 p.m., updated at 3:40 p.m.

The resignation of President Evo Morales on November 10, 2019, triggered a shock wave that would spread beyond Bolivia, throughout the South American subcontinent. Who could have predicted that this charismatic figure, the first Amerindian head of state to be re-elected several times hands down, a symbol of emancipation for lefts around the world, would fall so high, so quickly? In La Paz and other contested towns, the opposition was taken aback. Even within the presidential cabinet, it was a surprise: “It was not in his personality to give up, but he was facing an unprecedented situation”, says a loved one of the fallen icon. This latest election, with disputed results, plunged the country to the brink of civil war.

In his final televised address, Mr. Morales declares to withdraw “To preserve the peace”. “We leave a dignified Bolivia, with an identity and many universal social achievements. ” Thus ends the Morales era – almost fourteen years in power – which had nevertheless elevated Bolivia to the rank of the most stable states of the subcontinent politically and economically. His shattering fall dealt an additional blow to the Latin American lefts after the departures of Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner (2007-2015) in Argentina, Dilma Rousseff (2011-2016) in Brazil, Rafael Correa (2007-2017) in Ecuador. or Michelle Bachelet (2014-2018) in Chile.

Supporters of ex-President Evo Morales, forced into exile, during a police-repressed protest in La Paz on November 15, 2019.

Billiards game

The ex-president’s journey to Mexico, which granted him asylum, then resembles, in the words of Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard, to “A journey into Latin American politics”, or even a game of billiards, during which the last leaders of the left – the Mexican Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (known as “AMLO”), supported by the Argentinian Alberto Fernandez – negotiate with a vengeance, in particular with the Brazilian diplomats and with Lima, to root out the former hero, whose life would be threatened, from his native land.

Read also Evo Morales’ chaotic odyssey to exile in Mexico, revealing Latin American tensions

Between hopes and disillusion, power struggles and attempts at destabilization, an interweaving of elements led to this outcome that no one had envisioned. Morales’s party, the Movement for Socialism (MAS), which looks like a hegemonic fortress, lost the reins of the country in a few days. As he is forced to flee, Evo Morales may have in mind the words he spoke, before being executed for rising against the Spanish occupation in the 18th century.e century, the Aymara rebel leader Tupac Katari: “I will come back and we will be millions. “ This formula, Morales had made his own as one announces the fulfillment of a prophecy, during his first electoral victory, fourteen years earlier.

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