France, Germany and the United Kingdom announced Thursday, August 20, not to support the initiative taken before the United Nations (UN) by the United States to demand the reinstatement of international sanctions against Iran, accused for violating the 2015 nuclear agreement.
The United States has triggered this mechanism, says “Snapback”, under one of the “Participants” to the 2015 Iran nuclear deal (known as JCPoA). Gold “France, Germany and UK note that the US has ceased to be a participant in the JCPoA following its withdrawal from the agreement” in 2018, underline their chancelleries, which cannot “Not support this initiative, which is incompatible with our current efforts to support the JCPoA”.
“We remain committed to the JCPoA despite the major challenges posed by the withdrawal of the United States and we are convinced that we must address the issue of the Iranians’ systematic non-compliance with their commitments under the JCPoA within the framework of ‘a dialogue between the participants in the agreement’, wrote the three European countries in the press release. “We urge Iran to reverse all actions inconsistent with its nuclear commitments and return to full compliance without delay”, they point out.
“They chose to align themselves with the ayatollahs”
“Our friends in Germany, France and the UK have told me privately that they do not want the arms embargo” targeting Iran “Be up”US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo quickly responded from the UN headquarters in New York. “And yet they chose to align themselves with the ayatollahs” by not voting in favor of the US resolution to extend it, he added.
Donald Trump announced on Wednesday August 19 that he wanted to return to the sanctions established until 2015. This procedure consists of activating the snapback, a mechanism allows the United States to invoke its initial participation in the Iranian nuclear deal signed between Tehran and the great powers in 2015 to obtain an automatic reimposition of all pre-existing sanctions. Although Mr. Trump decided to leave this agreement in 2018, this move remains possible due to the haphazard drafting of resolution 2231 which, five years ago, enshrined this great diplomatic achievement of the Obama era.
However, according to this resolution, the States “Participants” have the possibility to unilaterally denounce a “Notable non-compliance” of its “Commitments” by another signatory, an unprecedented procedure that is supposed to make it possible, after 30 days, to restore, or snapback, international sanctions against Tehran which had been lifted in exchange for its promise on atomic matters. And this, without the possibility for others, such as Moscow or Beijing, to veto.