Would you like the facade of your house to be made up of a productive and nourishing layout? Rather than finding only ornamental plants, you can plant fruit shrubs, vegetable plants, herbs and edible flowers in front of your home!
Many Quebec municipalities have recently adopted urban agriculture policies and the cultivation of vegetable plants is now permitted on the front of houses on their territory.
Edible landscaping is a technique of creating a garden in which plants that can be eaten are grown. Edible landscaping can include a combination of nut trees, fruit trees and shrubs, vegetables, herbs, and edible flowers. By introducing various edible plant species into your garden, this will help create a functional and ecological place to live while producing healthy, fresh and local food.
However, vegetable plants such as tomatoes are considered by many people to be unattractive and should, in their opinion, be grown as far away from home as possible, out of sight. This design is not entirely correct since many edible plants, such as Swiss chard, kale, parsley and chilli, for example, are as pretty as flowers. So, since it includes plants that are as beautiful as they are good, edible landscaping can be installed everywhere, on the front of a residence as on a terrace.
The gardener’s calendar
Work to be done in early June
- Plant tropical annuals and vegetables as well as summer flowering bulbous plants that are sensitive to cold.
- Start fertilizing vegetable plants and annual flowers grown in containers.
- Prune the foliage of spring flowering bulbs when they are wilted and yellow.
- Tutor large perennials.
- Prune needle conifers, such as spruce.
Introducing edible plants into an existing garden
The best method for integrating edible plants into the existing layout of a house facade is certainly to plant them in the beds with the typical ornamental plants, much like we do each spring with annual flowers. Over time, it will be possible to transform your unproductive layout into an edible and functional garden.
Another simple and effective way to introduce edible plants into existing landscaping is to grow them in containers. Grown in pots or tubs, vegetable plants and herbs can thus be easily integrated into existing flower beds or on a terrace.
A host of edible plants are well suited to container growing. Herbs and leafy vegetables are among the easiest vegetables to grow in pots. Several cultivars of eggplant, tomatoes and small peppers have also been developed in recent years and are also suitable for container culture. On the other hand, certain fruit shrubs such as the camisier and the raspberry can also be grown in pots without difficulty.
Create an edible layout
When creating new edible landscaping, the first step is to incorporate fruit trees and shrubs into the plantations.
You can obviously plant an apple tree or a plum tree, but I would rather suggest that you choose fruit trees that are very hardy and require little maintenance, such as serviceberry, sea buckthorn or even cherry trees that are part of the SK series. , such as “Romeo” and “Valentine”.
If you are gardening in an urban environment and you have a land with limited dimensions, rather than planting a fruit tree, turn to small fruit shrubs or plant an arctic kiwi, a climbing fruit shrub perfectly rustic in our climate. Recently developed, certain cultivars of blueberries, camérisiers and raspberries have small dimensions and are perfectly suited to urban development or container culture.
Make way for plants perennial vegetables
Once the structure is given to an edible landscaping, it then remains to introduce edible herbaceous plants, such as perennial and annual vegetables, herbs and edible flowers such as daylilies, carnations, marigolds and marigolds.
Among the most popular perennial vegetable crops for creating edible landscaping is the asparagus, the chervis, which has a very elongated sweet white root similar to that of parsnip, sea kale, whose fleshy leaves have a very concentrated cabbage taste, strawberries, sorrel, lovage and Egyptian onion.
These edible perennial plants can be planted at the base of shrubs and trees and associated according to the same principles that govern the creation of typical flower beds, either according to their heights, shapes and colors. Their requirements and compatibility must also be taken into account.