In Taiwan, all political forces see Beijing as a threat

Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen (center) during a visit to Zuoying Naval Base in Kaohsiung, in the south of the island, on September 26.

In Taiwan, the Kouomintang (KMT), the main opposition party, often referred to as “pro-Beijing”, has spectacularly distanced itself from Communist China. On Tuesday October 6, he proposed two resolutions to Parliament which, exceptionally, were adopted unanimously. Judging that “The Chinese Communist Party threatens the security and socio-economic system of Taiwan”, the first resolution recommends that the government “Actively convince the American government (…) to help our country to resist through diplomatic, economic and directly military methods”. The second resolution states that President Tsai Ing-wen, chairman of the DPP, the Democratic Progressive Party, “Should consider the restoration of diplomatic relations between the United States and the Republic of China as the objective of diplomacy with the United States.”

In accordance with its “one China” policy, the United States no longer recognizes the Republic of China, Taiwan’s official name, since 1979 and the establishment of formal relations with Beijing. They pledged that year, however, not to defend the island in the event of aggression from the People’s Republic of China, but to provide Taiwan with the means to defend itself. Donald Trump went much further than his predecessors by passing four new laws supporting Taiwan and recently sending two prominent members of his administration to Taipei, Health Secretary Alex Azar and Keith Krach, Under Secretary of State. to economic growth. In addition, the United States has pledged to provide Taiwan with missiles to better counter a possible attack by the Chinese air force.

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For its part, Beijing is now stepping up military incursions into Taiwan’s airspace. In September, a spokesperson for the Foreign Ministry said China did not recognize the median line that separates the strait from the two shores. Without formally recognizing it, Beijing had never crossed it from 1999 to 2019. It has done so this year on several occasions.

Consensus on “one China”

Created in 1912, the Kouomintang, a Chinese nationalist party, had withdrawn to Taiwan when the Communists arrived in Beijing in 1949 to establish a fierce anti-Communist dictatorship. Since then, he has always exercised power there, with the exception of the years 2000-2008 and especially since 2016, when he first lost control of Parliament. When he was in power, and while Taiwan was in the process of democratization, he agreed with Beijing on the “1992 consensus”, a statement in which the two parties recognized that there is only one only China, without further details. The KMT said there was no consensus on how to define it, Beijing was silent on this point. Like Beijing, the KMT criticizes President Tsai Ing-wen, who is in favor of maintaining the current status quo, for not recognizing this ” consensus “.

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