From 1956 to 1962, France ordered its secret services to assassinate French citizens

Jacques Foccart, trusted man of General de Gaulle, was responsible for monitoring the secret services and African affairs. He coordinated, under the orders of the general, a program of clandestine operations against the backdrop of the Algerian conflict.

It was a taboo. While our democracy secretly granted itself the right to resort to targeted assassination against foreign enemies, a practice recognized by the former President of the Republic François Hollande, France forbade itself, in theory, to kill its own nationals. A rule unofficially advanced by political and intelligence authorities since the postwar years. An excavated work to be published, The Killers of the Republic (Plon), by Vincent Nouzille, in its expanded edition, delivers unpublished documents that contradict this assertion. Extracts from the personal archives of Jacques Foccart, trusted man of General de Gaulle, responsible for monitoring the secret services and African affairs, they lift a new veil on plans for the elimination of French people but also of Europeans and foreign dignitaries.

According to these new documents, in the heart of the summer of 1958, in the greatest secrecy of a Gaullist power which had just returned to business thanks to the Algiers putsch of May 13, Jacques Foccart coordinated, under the orders of the general, a program of clandestine operations against the backdrop of the Algerian conflict. Threats, attacks, sabotage but also assassinations are among the means employed. The action service of Sdece (external documentation and counter-espionage service, now DGSE) was responsible for carrying out these missions. Constantin Melnik, adviser to the prime minister in charge of intelligence affairs from 1959 to 1962, put the number of assassinations at 140 in 1960 alone, without providing details.

Dated August 5, 1958 and entitled “Sheet concerning Homo objectives [terme technique qui désigne les assassinats], the first document lists nine people to be eliminated. They are classified into three categories. The “French pro-FLN” with a name, Jacques Favrel, a journalist based in Algiers. That of “Traffickers” includes six names: arms sellers but also relatives of the National Liberation Front (FLN), including an Austrian, a German and a “Algerian Muslim French” belonging to an exfiltration network of deserting legionaries. And finally, the one entitled ” Politics “ in which the name Armelle Crochemore appears.

” Goal to reach “

At the bottom of this piece essential to the writing of the history of French targeted assassination policy, the blue ink of the pen of Jacques Foccart, whose signature can be recognized, indicates that this list has received “Admiral Cabanier’s agreement on 7/8”. The latter is none other than the Chief of the National Defense Staff attached to General de Gaulle as President of the Council. Then M. Foccart adds, following: “Given immediately to General Grossin”, the boss of Sdece. Two days elapsed between the receipt of the names collected by the secret services and the green light transmitted, in return, by the political power. Validation, in the meantime, by General de Gaulle himself is probable, but it is, at this stage, only speculative.

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