WASHINGTON | Donald Trump signed a decree on Tuesday prohibiting bottlenecks, except in the event of danger to the police, and ordering a limited reform of the police to try to respond to the historic movement of anger against racism in the States -United.
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Hammering his will to restore “law and order” while paying tribute to the pain of the families of victims he had just met in private, the American president affirmed that it was necessary “to bring together the police and the communities, not keep them away. “
With this decree, Donald Trump declared that he wanted to offer a “secure future to Americans of all races, religions, colors and beliefs”.
But its limited measures should not satisfy the demonstrators who have mobilized since the death of George Floyd, asphyxiated by a white police officer on May 25 in Minneapolis. And who demand in particular an outright ban on controversial strangulation.
If the presidential decree bans them, it lifts the ban in cases where “the life of a police officer is in danger,” the president said in the White House gardens.
His decree also “encourages” the thousands of American police units to adopt “the highest professional standards”.
In front of representatives of his government, the police and Republican parliamentarians, but in the notable absence of relatives of the victims, Donald Trump stressed that he “firmly” opposed the “radical” efforts to dismantle the police services , as announced in Minneapolis.
“The Americans know the truth: without the police, there is chaos, without the law, there is anarchy and without security, it is a disaster,” he said.
The presidential decree notably orders that federal subsidies be reserved for police units which demonstrate, through independent bodies, respecting “the highest standards” in “training on the use of force and disengagement techniques”, a he clarified.
Calling the decree “weak” and “strict minimum”, the leader of the Democrats in the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, said that these measures were “sadly and clearly not up to the actions necessary to combat the epidemic of racial injustice and police violence that kills hundreds of black Americans. “
Donald Trump has called on Congress to take over to agree on further measures, but a compromise still seems distant between Republicans and Democrats.
In particular, the latter included the outright ban on choking in a bill, which also attacks the broad immunity enjoyed by police.
Democrats could adopt it as early as next week in the House, which they control. But it is very unlikely that it will pass the Senate stage, with a Republican majority.
The only black Republican senator, Tim Scott, intends to introduce a bill, perhaps as early as Wednesday. It should not include the thorny issue of immunity or the complete ban on choking.
The death of George Floyd, a black forties who was suffocated under the knee of a white police officer on May 25, sparked the strongest mobilization across the country since the civil rights movement in the 1960s.
And has pushed several cities to ban controversial practices without waiting for the Trump administration or Congress.
In a country already alive, the death of a white policeman from another African-American, Rayshard Brooks, on Friday night in Atlanta, revived the mobilization.
If he judged this new death “very disturbing” and deplored the death of George Floyd, Donald Trump, who will play for his re-election in November, has since the start of the protests dodged the debate on racism.
In a tense climate, several other cases still fuel outrage.
Under pressure, Los Angeles County Sheriff Alex Villanueva pledged on Monday to conduct an “in-depth” investigation into the death of a young black man, Robert Fuller, who was hanged on a tree last week.
In southern Mexico, a man was seriously injured on Monday during a rally against a colonial statue while a far-right militia, “heavily armed” according to authorities , had come to demonstrate.