FactualThe migrants had left San Pedro Sula overnight from Wednesday to Thursday to flee the poverty and violence of Honduras.
At least 3,000 Honduran migrants, according to the Guatemalan Migration Institute, crossed on Thursday 1er October, the border with Guatemala, in the hope of reaching the United States, despite the risks and restrictions associated with the pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus.
These migrants had left on the night of Wednesday to Thursday San Pedro Sula, the second largest city in Honduras, located 180 km north of Tegucigalpa, to flee poverty and violence in this small country in Central America.
On the Honduran side, at the Corinto border post (northeast), police and soldiers surrounded the migrants to prevent them from passing if they did not show a negative test for Covid-19. But the police finally gave in to the pressure of migrants massed with cries of “Outside JOH”, named after Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernandez.
In Guatemala, which reopened its land, air and sea borders last week, closed for six months due to the pandemic, migrants have been forced by the military to wait in a long queue to present their identity documents and continue their journey, noted journalists from Agence France-Presse (AFP). According to the director of the National Institute of Migration of Honduras, Carolina Menjivar, migrants have been turned away from Guatemala.
“If we stay here we will starve to death”
As in previous caravans, migrants cited unemployment, failing education and health services, and gang violence to explain their flight. Reasons to which must now be added the economic and social consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic. “We are leaving because of the poverty, the pandemic and everything that is happening hereGeovanny Torres, 27, told AFP. We are looking for other dreams. We want to evolve. If we stay here, we will starve to death. “
Others, like Carlos Salgado, 21, have crossed the border illegally by opening a fence near the customs post. “Because of the pandemic, the situation will get even worse” on the economic plan. “All the money for the pandemic has been stolen by Juan Orlando” Hernandez, accuses the young man.
The majority of migrants did not wear masks to prevent contamination, AFP found, and nurses dispatched to take their temperature. According to the Honduran Red Cross, which assists migrants, 1,200 people left San Pedro Sula overnight in a first group, followed a few hours later by around 2,000 others.
AFP journalists could see them walking along roads towards the border with Guatemala. The majority of migrants are young men. Fewer women with young children were seen in the groups than previously.
A call to come together on social networks
“We don’t think about the pandemic, it’s the last thing we think about. We want our family to be okay “20-year-old Jefrey Amaya, along with seven other young people from the community of El Negrito, in Yoro County, about 20 kilometers from San Pedro Sula, told AFP. The young man said he saw a call to come together on social networks.
Since January, the date of the last departure of around 2,000 people, no appeal on social media has prospered, especially due to restrictions and risks linked to the coronavirus health crisis.
In recent years, thousands of Central American nationals moving in large groups have crossed the border with Mexico, with the goal of crossing the US border, to flee poverty and violence in their countries.
On Thursday, a Honduran migrant died in Guatemala, crushed under the wheels of a truck on which “He was trying to climb”, said the director of the Guatemalan Migration Institute, Guillermo Diaz.
After the large caravans of late 2018 and early 2019, faced with threats of retaliation from US President Donald Trump to prevent these caravans from approaching the border with the United States, Mexico has deployed some 26,000 troops at the borders south and north of the country.
According to the Honduran government, as of September 27, 31,022 Hondurans had been deported, most from Mexico and the United States and the rest from Guatemala.